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crontab 重启服务器 报错总结

admin 站长快讯 2022-11-12 06:14:51 1592 0

1. 用户相关

1. [root@yinwucheng ~]# su - mysql
su: warning: cannot change directory to /home/mysql: No such file or directory
This account is currently not available.
警告:无法将目录更改为/home/mysql:没有此类文件或目录
此账户当前不可用
原因:因为创建的是系统用户,指定nologin无法登陆系统
2.[root@yinwucheng ~]# useradd chengyinwu -u 6666 -G sa -d /tmp/name -s /sbin/nologin
useradd: cannot set SELinux context for home directory /tmp/name
无法为主目录/tmp/name设置selinux上下文
解决方法:关闭selinux防火墙
3.[root@yinwucheng ~]# useradd chengyinwu -u 6666 -G sa -d /tmp/name -s /sbin/nologin
useradd: user 'chengyinwu' already exists
用户添加:用户“chengyinwu”已存在
4.[root@yinwucheng ~]# useradd yinwu -u 6666 -G sa -d /tmp/name -s /sbin/nologin
useradd: UID 6666 is not unique
用户添加:uid 6666不是唯一的
原因:此uid已经存在了

一. 文件和目录类

- File exist 文件已经存在
- No such file or directory 没有这个文件或目录(这个东西不存在)
- command not found 命令找不到(没有这个命令)
- invalid option   无效的参数(不可用的参数)
- overwrite  覆盖
- remove regular empty file 是否删除普通文件(空的)?
- is a directory xxx是一个目录
- descend into directory 是否进入目录
- Invalid level 无效的层数,层数必须大于0
- Can't open file for writing 无法打开这个文件
- No write since last change
- xx  column window is too narrow  窗口只有xx列太窄了 无法完全显示
- xxx not a directory 不是一个目录
- 查看压缩包的时候报错
- You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root
- permission  denied
- Warning: Changing a readonly file
- 'readonly' option is set (add ! to override)
- cp: omitting directory ‘/oldboy/’
  unexpected end of file  或 Unexpected EOF in archive

二. 网络连接类

- 远程连接错误 Connection Failed 连接失败
- yum安装软件故障提示 Could not resolve host无法解析主机
- yum安装软件提示:Nothing to do (没事做)
- 没有找到叫treea的软件包
- Name or service not known  域名无法识别(无法上网)

三. 修改系统基础配置类

- 重启网卡报错 device not present
- 修改主机名过程中,命令行中主机名没有变化
- hostname命令修改主机名(临时 重启服务器之后失效)
- 命令行中的主机名部分没有改变?

四. 用户相关错误

- user 'oldboy' already exists
- no such user
- Only root can do that.
- Only root can specify a user name.
- Creating mailbox file: File exists
- warning: the home directory already exists.
- /etc/sudoers: syntax error near line 105 <<<

五.脚本及定时任务一. 文件和目录类1. File exist 文件已经存在

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# mkdir   /data   /lidao  
[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# mkdir   /data   /lidao  
mkdir: cannot create directory ‘/data’: File exists
mkdir: cannot create directory ‘/lidao’: File exists

mkdir: cannot create directory ‘/lidao’: File exists

无法 创建 目录 因为这个目录已经存在

2. No such file or directory 没有这个文件或目录(这个东西不存在)

没有这个目录:文件或路径书写错误

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# mkdir  /oldboy
[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# cd oldboy
-bash: cd: oldboy: No such file or directory

mkdir命令本身问题:mkdir 命令默认只能创建1层目录 创建多层报错

-p解决

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# mkdir  /data/oldboy/lidao/
mkdir: cannot create directory ‘/data/oldboy/lidao/’: No such file or directory

touch命令只能创建文件,目录不存在则会报错

解决:先创建目录,再创建文件

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# ls /oldboy/
oldboy.txt
[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# touch /oldboy/lidao/alex/oldboy.txt
touch: cannot touch ‘/oldboy/lidao/alex/oldboy.txt’: No such file or directory

排错思路:

1.ls命令检查对应的目录是否存在?

2.目录不存在 先创建目录在创建文件/

find命令与|xargs ll 错误

|xargs后面不支持别名

[root@kangxu ~]# find /oldboy  -name  "*.txt"  -type f |xargs ll
xargs: ll: No such file or directory

3. command not found 命令找不到(没有这个命令)

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# mkdiy
-bash: mkdiy: command not found

1.书写错误

2.没有安装

4. invalid option 无效的参数(不可用的参数)

 [root@oldboyedu59 ~]# touch -p /oldboy/oldboy.txt
touch: invalid option -- 'p'
Try 'touch --help' for more information.

5. overwrite 覆盖

cp复制如果已经存在这个文件会提示是否覆盖

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# cp  /oldboy/oldboy.txt   /tmp/
cp: overwrite ‘/tmp/oldboy.txt’? 

6.remove regular empty file 是否删除普通文件(空的)?

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# rm   /oldboy/oldboy.txt
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/oldboy/oldboy.txt’?

7. is a directory xxx是一个目录

rm默认无法删除目录

解决:加上-r 或-rf

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# rm /data/
rm: cannot remove ‘/data/’: Is a directory

vi命令中 使用vi编辑目录也会报错

"/oldboy"
E502: "/oldboy" is a directory
Press ENTER or type command to continue

8. descend into directory 是否进入目录

crontab 重启服务_crontab 重启服务器_centos crontab重启

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# rm -r /data/
rm: descend into directory ‘/data/’? y
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy01.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy02.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy03.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy04.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy05.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy06.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy07.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy08.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy09.txt’? n
rm: remove regular empty file ‘/data/oldboy10.txt’? n
rm: remove directory ‘/data/’? n

9. Invalid level 无效的层数,层数必须大于0

注意参数位置

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# tree  -L -F 2 / 
tree: Invalid level, must be greater than 0.

10. Can't open file for writing 无法打开这个文件

vi中 如果目录不存在就会提示

"/oldbyo/oldboy.txt"
"/oldbyo/oldboy.txt" E212: Can't open file for writing
Press ENTER or type command to continue

如果你对这个文件没有权限 也会提示

11.No write since last change

E37: No write since last change (add ! to override)
     粘包赖(你修改了内容就无法使用:q退出 需要使用:q! 

12. xx column window is too narrow 窗口只有xx列太窄了 无法完全显示

这是w的坑 空间太小施展不开.

[root@oldboyedu60-lnb ~]# w
w: 39 column window is too narrow

13. xxx not a directory 不是一个目录

背景:创建文件的时候多了一个空格

[root@ssdz ~]# touch /oldboy /oldboy.txt  #此处要创建/oldboy/oldboy.txt 多个个空格 创建了2个文件 /oldboy和/oldboy.txt 
[root@ssdz ~]# ls -l /oldboy/         #系统认为oldboy是个目录 所以报错
ls: cannot access /oldboy/: Not a directory
[root@ssdz ~]# touch /oldboy/oldboy.txt
touch: cannot touch ‘/oldboy/oldboy.txt’: Not a directory
[root@ssdz ~]# ls -l /oldboy
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 0 Apr  9 15:23 /oldboy

14.查看压缩包的时候报错

注意是否有特殊中文符号导致的。

[root@oldboy59 tmp]# tar ztf /tmp/etc.tar.gz
tar (child): \200\202\200\202\200\202\200\202/tmp/etc.tar.gz: Cannot open: No such file or directory
tar (child): Error is not recoverable: exiting now
tar: Child returned status 2
tar: Error is not recoverable: exiting now

15. You have mail in /var/spool/mail/root

你在这个文件/var/spool/mail/root 中有一个新邮件

16. permission denied

权限拒绝

17. W10: Warning: Changing a readonly file

使用vim的时候显示的

表示:正在修改只读文件

解决:

1.查看对文件是否有rw权限

2.如果是root用户可以修改后强制保存退出(:wq!)

18.no properly formatted MD5 checksum lines found

在使用md5sum -c (检查的时候)

md5指纹信息文件中,格式不对

第1列是md5 信息 第2列文件名

crontab 重启服务_crontab 重启服务器_centos crontab重启

解决:

查看MD5文件内容是否正确

检查的命令是否正确 md5sum -c oldboy.md5

md5sum: /oldboy/mtime/access_2019-04-01.txt: no properly formatted MD5 checksum lines found

19. E45: 'readonly' option is set (add ! to override)

通过vi/vim 编辑文件保存的时候(:wq) 提示

这个文件只读crontab 重启服务器crontab 重启服务器,:wq! 强制保存退出

20. cp: omitting directory ‘/oldboy/’

忽略这个目录

cp默认无法复制目录

[root@oldboyedu64-lnb ~]# cp /oldboy/  /tmp/
cp: omitting directory ‘/oldboy/’
[root@oldboyedu64-lnb ~]# ls -l /tmp/
total 8
-rwx------. 1 root root 836 Jun 30 17:36 ks-script-gWLqG0
-rw-r--r--. 1 root root 400 Jul  7 14:51 oldboy.txt
drwx------. 2 root root   6 Jun 30 17:42 vmware-root_6749-3879179984
-rw-------. 1 root root   0 Jun 30 17:27 yum.log

21. Unexpected EOF in archive

未知的 压缩文件结尾

主要原因是tar压缩包损坏 重新下载

[root@web02 tools]# tar xf nginx-1.16.0.tar.gz 
gzip: stdin: unexpected end of file
tar: Unexpected EOF in archive
tar: Unexpected EOF in archive
tar: Error is not recoverable: exiting now

二. 网络连接类1. 远程连接错误 Connection Failed 连接失败

使用Xshell远程连接失败提示,检查端口是否开启或正确

[c:\~]$ 
Connecting to 10.0.0.200:233...
Could not connect to '10.0.0.200' (port 233): Connection failed.
Type `help' to learn how to use Xshell prompt.

使用telnet测试端口是否打开

[c:\~]$ telnet 10.0.0.200 233 
Connecting to 10.0.0.200:233...
Could not connect to '10.0.0.200' (port 233): Connection failed.   #233端口没有开启
Type `help' to learn how to use Xshell prompt.

端口开启

[c:\~]$ telnet 10.0.0.200 22
Connecting to 10.0.0.200:22...
Connection established.            #端口开启
To escape to local shell, press 'Ctrl+Alt+]'.
SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_7.4
Protocol mismatch.

centos crontab重启_crontab 重启服务_crontab 重启服务器

Connection closed by foreign host. Disconnected from remote host(10.0.0.200:22) at 12:22:54. Type `help' to learn how to use Xshell prompt. [c:\~]$

2. yum安装软件故障提示 Could not resolve host无法解析主机

Could not resolve host无法解析主机

主要是系统能否上网和DNS问题.

http://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/centos/7.6.1810/updates/x86_64/repodata/repomd.xml: [Errno 14] curl#6 - 
"Could not resolve host: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn; Unknown error"
Trying other mirror.

3.yum安装软件提示:Nothing to do (没事做)

有两种情况:

情况1:软件已经安装并且最新如下:

Package tree-1.6.0-10.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
tree软件包已经安装并且是最新版本
Package 2:vim-enhanced-7.4.160-5.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:bash-completion-2.1-6.el7.noarch already installed and latest version
Nothing to do

情况2:软件名字写错或没有配置yum源导致找不到这个软件包

[root@oldboyedu60-lnb ~]# yum install treea -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.lzu.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.nwsuaf.edu.cn
 * updates: mirrors.nwsuaf.edu.cn
base                                                                                              | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                                                            | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                                                           | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
No package treea available. 
#没有找到叫treea的软件包
Error: Nothing to do

情况3:你需要安装软件包而不是软件包里面的命令

通过yum provides 查看命令属于哪个软件包

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# yum install -y locate 
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Determining fastest mirrors
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
base                                                                                              | 3.6 kB  00:00:00     
extras                                                                                            | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
updates                                                                                           | 3.4 kB  00:00:00     
(1/2): extras/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                 | 187 kB  00:00:02     
(2/2): updates/7/x86_64/primary_db                                                                | 3.4 MB  00:00:04     
No package locate available.
Error: Nothing to do
[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# yum provides locate 
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com

crontab 重启服务器_crontab 重启服务_centos crontab重启

* extras: mirrors.aliyun.com * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com base/7/x86_64/filelists_db | 7.1 MB 00:00:03 extras/7/x86_64/filelists_db | 236 kB 00:00:00 updates/7/x86_64/filelists_db | 2.7 MB 00:00:01 mlocate-0.26-8.el7.x86_64 : An utility for finding files by name Repo : base Matched from: Filename : /usr/bin/locate\ [root@oldboyedu59 ~]# yum install -y mlocate Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirrors.aliyun.com * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package mlocate.x86_64 0:0.26-8.el7 will be installed --> Finished Dependency Resolution Dependencies Resolved ========================================================================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ========================================================================================================================= Installing: mlocate x86_64 0.26-8.el7 base 113 k Transaction Summary ========================================================================================================================= Install 1 Package Total download size: 113 k Installed size: 379 k Downloading packages: mlocate-0.26-8.el7.x86_64.rpm | 113 kB 00:00:02 Running transaction check Running transaction test Transaction test succeeded Running transaction Installing : mlocate-0.26-8.el7.x86_64 1/1 Verifying : mlocate-0.26-8.el7.x86_64 1/1 Installed: mlocate.x86_64 0:0.26-8.el7 Complete! [root@oldboyedu59 ~]# rpm -qa mlocate mlocate-0.26-8.el7.x86_64

4. Name or service not known 域名无法识别(无法上网)

原因1:DNS配置错误

原因2:Linux无法上网原因

[root@oldboyedu59 ~]# ping baidu.com 
ping: baidu.com: Name or service not known
                 域名无法识别(无法将域名---->ip地址)

三. 修改系统基础配置类1. 重启网卡报错 device not present

[root@oldboyusd ~]# systemctl restart network 
Job for network.service failed because the control process exited with error code.
 See "systemctl status network.service" and "journalctl -xe" for details.

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